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Pre-hospital IAC-CPR versus standard CPR: Paramedic resuscitation of cardiac arrests

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      Abstract

      Recent studies evaluating interposed abdominal compression cardiopulmonary resuscitation (IAC-CPR) have demonstrated a significant increase in cardiac output, mean arterial pressure, and cerebral perfusion, as compared with standard CPR. A clinical evaluation of IAC-CPR effectiveness on resuscitation out-come has not been reported. A prospective randomized study comparing IAC-CRP with standard CPR for resuscitation of pre-hospital cardiopulmonary arrest was undertaken using the Milwaukee County Paramedic System. The patients were randomized following endotracheal intubation into IAC-CPR and standard CPR groups. Since October 1983, 291 patients have qualified for the study group. Of these, 146 patients had standard CPR, and 45 (31%) were successfully resuscitated. Of the 145 patients treated with IAC-CPR, 40 (28%) were successfully resuscitated. Chi-square analysis reveals no significant difference between these groups. To determine whether abdominal compression increases regurgitation, the frequency of emesis before and after intubation was analyzed. No significant difference was found between the IAC-CPR and standard CPR groups. Thus, IAC-CPR applied by paramedics in the field to patients following intubation does not improve cardiac resuscitation rates.

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