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Predicting hospital admission at the emergency department triage: A novel prediction model

Published:October 29, 2018DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2018.10.060

      Abstract

      Background

      Emergency department (ED) overcrowding is a growing international patient safety issue. A major contributor to overcrowding is long wait times for inpatient hospital admission. The objective of this study is to create a model that can predict a patient's need for hospital admission at the time of triage.

      Methods

      Retrospective observational study of electronic clinical records of all ED visits over ten years to a large urban hospital in Singapore. The data was randomly divided into a derivation set and a validation set. We used the derivation set to develop a logistic regression model that predicts probability of hospital admission for patients presenting to the ED. We tested the model on the validation set and evaluated the performance with receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis.

      Results

      A total of 1,232,016 visits were included for final analysis, of which 38.7% were admitted. Eight variables were included in the final model: age group, race, postal code, day of week, time of day, triage category, mode of arrival, and fever status. The model performed well on the validation set with an area under the curve of 0.825 (95% CI 0.824–0.827). Increasing age, increasing triage acuity, and mode of arrival via private patient transport were most predictive of the need for admission.

      Conclusions

      We developed a model that accurately predicts admission for patients presenting to the ED using demographic, administrative, and clinical data routinely collected at triage. Implementation of the model into the electronic health record could help reduce the burden of overcrowding.

      Keywords

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