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Comparison of effectiveness coolant spray and placebo in patients with acute ankle trauma prospective randomized controlled trial

Published:January 07, 2020DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2019.12.054

      Abstract

      Introduction

      Coolant spray application in musculoskeletal injuries is an effective and harmless method to treat pain and reduce functional limitation. This study assessed the clinical value of coolant spray application on patient comfort before and during the radiographic imaging process along with its early analgesic and anti-edema effects.

      Methods

      A total of 155 patients, admitted to the emergency department between April 1, 2019, and June 31, 2019, were included in this study. The patients were randomly assigned to either a coolant spray or a saline spray (placebo) group. To the coolant spray group patients, Cryos ®Spray (Phyto Performance, Italy) was applied. To the placebo group patients, a normal saline solution in a bottle covered with white opaque paper and refrigerated at 4 °C was sprayed. Radiographic images of the patients were scored for appropriateness of the standard imaging characteristics.

      Results

      The mean scores were 8.13 ± 1.8 and 6.58 ± 2.2 for the coolant spray and normal saline spray groups, respectively; the differences were statistically significant between the two groups (mean difference: -1.56, 95% CI:-2.20 to −0.92; p = .000). Patients with fractures on their radiographs and treated with coolant spray received higher scores than similar patients treated with normal saline spray (mean difference:-1.92, 95% CI:-3.28 to −0.55; p = .009). The proportion of patients requesting analgesic treatment before discharge was statistically lower in the coolant spray group compared to the normal saline group (p = .025).

      Conclusions

      The radiographic images taken after coolant spray intervention in patients with acute ankle trauma were more successful in showing the target structures.
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