Adult intraosseous use in academic EDs and simulated comparison of emergent vascular access techniques

Published:February 04, 2013DOI:
      The military has seen a resurgence in the use of intraosseous (IO) devices; however, the extent of adult IO use in civilians is not well studied [
      • Dubick M.A.
      A review of intraosseous vascular access: current status and military application.
      ]. Emergent vascular access is crucial when caring for critical patients. Time to delivery of medications, fluids, and blood products can be vital for survival. Because of ease and speed, pediatric advanced life support (PALS) training advises IO access if intravenous (IV) access is unsuccessful after 2 attempts [
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        A review of intraosseous vascular access: current status and military application.
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