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Paramedic students' knowledge and attitudes regarding automated external defibrillators

      Sudden cardiac arrest is among the main causes of death in Europe, affecting 55 to 133 cases per 100 000 inhabitants [
      • Perkins GD
      • Handley AJ
      • Koster RW
      • Castrén M
      • Smyth MA
      • Olasveengen T
      • et al.
      Adult basic life support and automated external defibrillation section collaborators. Adult basic life support and automated external defibrillation section collaborators. European Resuscitation Council Guidelines for Resuscitation 2015: section 2. Adult basic life support and automated external defibrillation.
      ]. When the initial rhythm in cardiac arrest is ventricular fibrillation or pulseless ventricular tachycardia, defibrillation is the treatment of choice and should be performed as soon as possible [
      • Kurowski A
      • Smereka J
      • Szarpak L
      Are firefighters able to recognize ventricular fibrillation? Preliminary data.
      ]. Therefore, in public facilities, including shopping malls, subway stations, offices, universities, or airports, automated external defibrillators (AEDs) are accessible, which, after a short training, can be used by bystanders, not necessarily with medical education. As research shows, people are able to properly apply an AED with the maintenance of reasonable safety rules after a short training [
      • Saiboon IM
      • Qamruddin RM
      • Jaafar JM
      • Bakar AA
      • Hamzah FA
      • Eng HS
      • et al.
      Effectiveness of teaching automated external defibrillators use using a traditional classroom instruction versus self-instruction video in non-critical care nurses.
      ]. Lay rescuers gain knowledge of AED usage during basic life support and automatic external defibrillation courses, whereas medical faculty students should acquire this knowledge during their medical studies.
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      References

        • Perkins GD
        • Handley AJ
        • Koster RW
        • Castrén M
        • Smyth MA
        • Olasveengen T
        • et al.
        Adult basic life support and automated external defibrillation section collaborators. Adult basic life support and automated external defibrillation section collaborators. European Resuscitation Council Guidelines for Resuscitation 2015: section 2. Adult basic life support and automated external defibrillation.
        Resuscitation. 2015; 95: 81-99https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2015.07.015
        • Kurowski A
        • Smereka J
        • Szarpak L
        Are firefighters able to recognize ventricular fibrillation? Preliminary data.
        Am J Emerg Med. 2016; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2016.06.050
        • Saiboon IM
        • Qamruddin RM
        • Jaafar JM
        • Bakar AA
        • Hamzah FA
        • Eng HS
        • et al.
        Effectiveness of teaching automated external defibrillators use using a traditional classroom instruction versus self-instruction video in non-critical care nurses.
        Saudi Med J. 2016; 37: 429-435https://doi.org/10.15537/smj.2016.4.14833