Advertisement

Acute halon (bromochlorodifluoromethane) toxicity by accidental and recreational inhalation

      This paper is only available as a PDF. To read, Please Download here.

      Keywords

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to The American Journal of Emergency Medicine
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Bryan JL
        Fire suppression and detection systems.
        MacMillan, New York, NY1982
        • Ellenhorn MJ
        • Barceloux DG
        Medical toxicology: The diagnosis and treatment of human poisoning.
        in: Elsevier, New York, NY1988: 883-884
        • Holness DL
        • House RA
        Health effects of Halon 1301 exposure.
        J Occupat Med. 1992; 34: 722-725
        • Calkins DS
        • Degioanni JJ
        • Tan MN
        • et al.
        Human performance and physiological function during a 24 hour exposure to 1% bromotrifluoromethane (Halon 1301).
        Fund Appl Toxicol. 1993; 20: 240-247
        • Smeeton WM
        • Clark MS
        Sudden death from inhalation of fire extinguishers containing bromochlorodifluoromethane.
        Med Sci Law. 1985; 25: 258-262
        • Heath MJ
        Solvent abuse using bromochlorodifluoromethane from a fire extinguisher.
        Med Sci Law. 1986; 26: 33-34
        • Steadman C
        • Dorrington LC
        • Kay P
        • Stephens H
        Abuse of a fire-extinguishing agent and sudden death in adolescents.
        Med J Aust. 1984; 141: 114-117
        • Lerman Y
        • Winkler E
        • Tirosh MS
        • et al.
        Fatal accidental inhalation of bromochlorodifluoromethane (Halon 1211).
        Hum Exp Toxicol. 1991; 10: 125-128
        • Hickey RF
        • Eger EI
        Circulatory pharmacology of inhaled anesthetics.
        in: Miller RD Anesthesia. ed 2. Churchill Livingstone, New York, NY1986: 649-666
        • Zakhari S
        • Aviado DM
        Cardiovascular toxicology of aerosol propellants, refrigerants, and related solvents.
        in: Van Stee EW Cardiovascular Toxicology. Raven Press, New York, NY1992: 281-313
        • Kaufman JD
        • Morgan MS
        • Marks ML
        • et al.
        A study of the cardiac effects of bromochlorodifluoromethane (Halon 1211) exposure during exercise.
        Am J Industrial Med. 1992; 21: 223-233
        • McDougal JN
        • Dodd DE
        Air Force approach to risk assessment for halon replacements.
        Toxicol Letters. 1993; 68: 31-35
        • Rubenstein R
        Human health and environmental toxicity issues for evaluation of halon replacements.
        Toxicol Letters. 1993; 68: 21-24
        • AHA Subcommittee on ACLS and Committee on Emergency Cardiac Care
        Advanced Cardiac Life Support.
        American Heart Association, 1994